Shine Tutorial    



Computer history - 1980 - 1990

Year Event
1980 On January 3, Hewlett Packard introduces its HP-85. A microcomputer with 16kB of RAM and a 5-inch CRT display.
1980 IBM introduces RISC.
1980 IBM hires Paul Allen and Bill Gates to create an operating system for a new PC. The pair buy the rights to a simple operating system manufactured by Seattle Computer Products and use it as a template. IBM allows the two to keep the marketing rights to the operating system, called DOS.
1980 IBM hires Microsoft to develop versions of BASIC, FORTRAN, COBOL, and Pascal for the PC being developed by IBM.
1980 Microsoft licenses Unix and starts to develop a PC version, XENIX.
1980 The programming language FORTRAN 77 is created.
1980 The first Tandy Color computer is introduced.
1980 AST is founded.
1980 Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back is released May 21, 1980.
1980 Steve Ballmer joins Microsoft on June 11, 1980, and became Microsoft's 30th employee, the first business manager hired by Bill Gates.
1980 Atari becomes the first company to register a Copyright for two computer games "Asteroids" and "Lunar Landar" on June 17, 1980.
1980 FIC is founded.
1980 Iomega is established.
1980 Quantum is founded.
1980 ARPANET experiences first major network crash causing it to go down for four hours October 27, 1980.
1980 Shawn Fanning is born November 22, 1980.
1981 Jeff Dailey, a 19-year old becomes the first person to die from computer gaming after dying from a heart attack after posting a score of 16,660 on Berzerk.
1981 Satya Pal Asija receives the first U.S. patent for a computer software program May 26, 1981.
1981 Diskeeper is founded on July 22, 1981.
1981 Microsoft buys the rights for QDOS from Seattle Computer Products (SCP) for $25,000 on July 27, 1981.
1981 MS-DOS 1.0 was released August, 1981.
1981 American National Standards Institute more commonly known as ANSI was founded.
1981 IBM joins the computer race by announcing the IBM Personal Computer on August 12, 1981, which runs the new MS-DOS operating system and has a starting price of $1,565.
1981 Kermit is developed at the Columbia University in New York
1981 Xerox introduces the graphical Star workstation. This computer greatly influences the development of Apples future computer models, Lisa and Macintosh, as well as Microsoft's Windows.
1981 VHDL is proposed and begins development.
1981 VMEbus is developed.
1981 Hayes Introduces the Smartmodem 300 with its standard setting AT command set and an operating speed of 300 bits per second.
1981 Adam Osborne introduces the Osborne I, the first successful portable computer, which weighs 25 pounds.
1981 Hewlett-Packard Superchip the first 32-bit chip is introduced.
1981 Commodore ships the VIC-20, which later becomes the worlds most popular computer costing only $299.95.
1981 Logitech is founded in Apples, Switzerland.
1981 Adaptec is founded.
1981 BITNET is founded.
1981 Gemlight is founded.
1981 Hayes releases the Smartmodem 1200 with transfer rates of 1,200 bits per second.
1981 CTX is established.

IBM joins the computer race by introducing IBM 5150 PC that used the 4.77-MHz Intel 8088 processor, 16 kB base memory, and PC-DOS (MS-DOS) for the OS.

1981 Kensington is founded.
1981 MG Siegler is born November 2, 1981.
1982 Peter Norton creates Norton Utilities.
1982 Sony releases its first Trinitron monitor.
1982 SGI is founded.
1982 The Intel 80286 is introduced February 1, 1982.
1982 Maxtor is founded.
1982 Hercules is founded.
1982 Labtec is founded.
1982 Disney releases the movie Tron on July 9, 1982, the first movie to use computer generated special effects.
1982 Number Nine is founded.
1982 Symantec is founded.
1982 A Philips factory in Germany creates the world's first compact disc August 17, 1982.
1982 Jack Kilby is inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.
1982 Microsoft releases FORTRAN for the PC COBOL for MS-DOS, and Multiplan for the Apple II and CP/M machines.
1982 Microsoft establishes a subsidiary in England to begin foreign sales efforts.
1982 WordPerfect Corporation introduces WordPerfect 1.0 a word processing program that will become one of the computer markets most popular word processing program.
1982 The first luggable computer is introduced.
1982 Sun is incorporated in February 1982, with four employees.
1982 Lotus Development Corporation is founded.
1982 Compaq Computer Corp. is founded by Rod Canion and other Texas Instruments Incorporated engineers. Compaq is the first company to introduce a clone of the IBM PC (the Compaq Portable in 1983) and become IBMs biggest challenger in the corporate market.
1982 The Commodore 64 an 8-bit computer with 64 kilobytes of memory and Commodore BASIC begins to be sold.
1982 Diamond Multimedia is founded.
1982 The movie Blade Runner is released June 25, 1982.
1982 Veronica Belmont is born July 21, 1982.
1982 The HX-20 becomes the first notebook-sized portable computer is introduced by Epson.
1982 MS-DOS version 1.25 is released.
1982 Apple Computer is the first personal computer manufacturer to hit the $1 billion mark for annual sales.
1982 Adobe is founded.
1982 Professor Scott Fahlman creates a post on bulletin board mention the idea of using a series of characters to represent a smiley face and frown face that later became known as emoticons.
1982 BTC is founded.
1982 Sony begins selling the first Audio CD players October 1, 1982.
1982 The XT bus is introduced.
1982 Rich Skrenta a 15-year old high school student creates the first known computer virus known as The Elk Cloner.
1982 The first permanent artificial heart is implanted into Barney Clark December 2, 1982.
1982 AutoCAD is introduced in December 1982.
1983 Lotus 1-2-3, a spreadsheet program is introduced January 26, 1983.
1983 Apple releases the Lisa computer, the first commercial computer with a GUI.
1983 The IBM XT is first introduced on March 8, 1983.
1983 The first Apple WWDC is held.
1983 Compaq introduces the first 100% IBM compatible computer the "Compaq Portable" in March of 1983.
1983 PC World magazine first appears on newstands March 1983.
1983 John Scully becomes CEO of Apple on April 8, 1983.
1983 BSD 4.2 is released and introduces pseudo terminals.
1983 Zoran is founded.
1983 The movie Wargames is released June 3, 1983.
1983 Paul Allen leaves Microsoft.
1983 Iomega introduces the Bernoulli drive.
1983 The TIME magazine nominates the personal computer as the "machine of the year" December 26,1982, the first non-human ever nominated.
1983 The 414s, a group of hackers are caught by the FBI.
1983 Interplay is founded.
1983 Novell introduces Netware.
1983 The Apple IIe is introduced. The computer contains 64 kilobytes of RAM one megahertz 6502 processor and running Applesoft BASIC and sells for $1,400.
1983 ARPANET standardizes TCP/IP.
1983 Tandy, Epson and NEC all sell notebook computers however only the Tandys model 100 becomes popular because of its low price of $499.
1983 THX is established.
1983 More than 10 million computers are in use in the United States.
1983 MS-DOS 2.0 was released March, 1983.
1983 Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi is released May 25, 1983.
1983 True BASIC is created and is a compiled, structured language. It doesn't require line numbers, as the original BASIC did, and includes the advanced control structures necessary for structured programming.
1983 The QIC Standard becomes the first standard in the computer history for tape drives.
1983 Soviet jets shoot down a civilian Korean Air Lines Flight 007 flying from New York to Seoul and kill all 269 passengers and crew. As a result of this mistake President Ronald Regan orders the U.S. military to make Global Positioning System (GPS) available for civilian use.
1983 The GNU operating system is first announced by Richard Stallman September 27, 1983.
1983 IAB is founded in 1983.
1983 IBM announces the PCjr (PC junior) computer November 1, 1983.
1983 Microsoft Windows was announced November 10, 1983.
1983 The largest BBS Exec-PC goes online November 28, 1983.
1984 The AT&T company we know today officially starts, expiring the famous Bell logo January 1, 1984.
1984 Docutel/Olivetti introduce the Olivetti PC, compatible with the IBM PC on January 3, 1984.
1984 On January 4th Netherlands Antilles issues a 45-cent postage stamp of a computer making a newspaper.
1984 The now famous Apple "1984" commercial is aired during Super Bowl XVIII January 22, 1984.
1984 On January 24, 1984 the Apple Macintosh is introduced.
1984 Hitachi announces it has developed the first memory chip capable of holding 1MB on January 5th.
1984 IBM's AT computer is introduced.
1984 The MUD was known as MAD becomes the first global MUD and runs across BITNET.
1984 IBM PC Division (PCD) introduces its first portable computer, the IBM Portable weighing in at 30 pounds.
1984 Microsoft creates a new hardware and peripheral division March 29, 1984.
1984 ESS Technologies is founded.
1984 Mark Zuckerberg is born May 14, 1984.
1984 The game Tetris is first released in the USSR June 6, 1984.
1984 Guillemot is founded.
1984 Amiga is purchased by Commodore Business Machines on August 15th.
1984 Bill Gates is featured on the cover of TIME magazine.
1984 ASN.1 is first defined.
1984 The 3.5-inch floppy diskette is introduced and later becomes an industry standard.
1984 Dell Computer is founded May 3, 1984 in Austin Texas.
1984 Fox Software FoxBASE is introduced.
1984 Paul Mockapetris and Jon Postel introduce DNS.
1984 The now famous Apple commercial is shown during the Super Bowl, the commercial introduces the Apple Macintosh, a computer with graphical user interface instead of needing to type in commands. In six months sales of the computer reach 100,000.
1984 Apple AppleTalk networking protocol is introduced.
1984 Dhrystone is developed.
1984 IBM develops EGA.
1984 The computer Museum opens in downtown Boston.
1984 Microsoft introduces MS-DOS 3.0 for the IBM PC AT and MS-DOS 3.1 for networks.
1984 The Tandy 1000 personal computer is introduced and becomes the best-selling IBM-compatible computer of the year.
1984 IBM introduces the Enhanced Graphics Adapter (EGA) video card with higher resolution, more colors, and a quicker response then previous video cards.
1984 University of Southern California professor Fred Cohen creates alarm when he warns the public about computer viruses in his Computer Virus - Theory and Experiments paper.
1984 The term cyberspace is first used and coined by William Gibson in his book Neuromancer.
1984 Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak are awarded the National Medal of Technology
1984 The beginning of the greatest adventure computer gaming series is released by Sierra. Kings Quest 1: Quest for the crown is released to the public.
1984 The Yellow book of CD-ROM standards is written.
1984 The original Terminator movie is released October 26, 1984.
1984 SETI is founded November 20, 1984.
1984 Cirrus is established.
1984 ISA is expanded to 16-bit capability.
1985 The WELL is founded in February 1985 by Stewart Brand and Larry Brilliant.
1985 On January 4th at CES, Commodore introduces the Commodore 128 PC with 8502 processor 128 kB of RAM and ROM cartridge port.
1985 On January 4th at CES, Atari introduces the Atari 130XE, 130ST, 260ST, 520ST, 65XE, 65XEM, and 65XEP computers.
1985 The first Internet domain name is registered by Symbolics, a Massachusetts computer company on March 15, 1985.
1985 Charles Hamblin passes away May 14, 1985.
1985 The GNU manifesto is published by Dr. Dobb's Journal
1985 Software Arts assets are sold to Lotus. Software Arts is most well known for its VisiCalc program.
1985 The Amiga aka A1000 is introduced..
1985 PNY Technologies is founded.
1985 Dell releases its first computer, the "Turbo PC."
1985 Titus Interactive is founded.
1985 Microtek introduces the world's first 300-dpi black-and-white sheetfed scanner.
1985 Quantum Computer Services is founded, this company later becomes AOL.
1985 Microsoft and IBM begin collaboration on the next-generation operating system (OS/2).
1985 The computer company Gateway 2000 is founded in Siox City, Iowa on September 5, 1985.
1985 CAT1 wiring is introduced.
1985 Intel introduces the 80386 in October.
1985 Paul Brainard of Aldus Corporation introduces Pagemaker for the Macintosh, a program that lets users mix type and graphics on the same page. The combination of this software and the new Apple LaserWriter laser printer helps create the desktop publishing field.
1985 The Mach Project begins at the Carnegie Mellon University.
1985 IBM develops NetBEUI.
1985 Microsoft Windows 1.0 is introduced in November, 1985 and is initially sold for $100.00.
1985 ATI is founded.
1985 Steve Jobs quits Apple September 16, 1985.
1985 Boca is established.
1985 IBM introduces the Baby AT motherboard form factor.
1985 Corel is founded.
1985 The first C++ reference guide is published by Bjarne Stoustrup October 14, 1985.
1985 The Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) is released in North America October 18, 1985.
1985 Microsoft releases the first version of Microsoft Excel on the Apple Macintosh November 30, 1985.
1985 Gravis is founded.
1986 The Hacker Manifesto is published in Phrack (Volume One, Issue 7, Phile 3 of 10) on January 8, 1986.
1986 The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is formed January 16, 1986.
1986 The space shuttle Challenger explodes January 28, 1986 during take off, resulting in the death of the seven crew members.
1986 Beny Alagem buys the Packard Bell name from Teledyne and starts the Packard Bell computer company.
1986 The term vaporware is first used by Philip Elmer-DeWitt in a TIME magazine article.
1986 Gigabyte is founded.
1986 Pixar is co-founded by Steve Jobs.
1986 Apple introduces the Mac Plus. The computer contained one megabyte of RAM, new keyboard that contained cursors and numeric keypad and sold for $2,600.
1986 The AT or 101 key keyboard is introduced by IBM.
1986 Compaq introduces the first 386-based PC compatible computer.
1986 The NCSA opens.
1986 Microsoft is listed on the New York Stock Exchange selling shares to the public at $21 each, making Bill Gates one of the worlds youngest billionaires.
1986 More than 30 million computers are in use in the United States.
1986 The domain comes online March 19, 1986.
1986 MS-DOS 3.2 was released April, 1986.
1986 IBM becomes the first company to use a one megabit chip in the IBM Model 3090.
1986 IMAP is developed by Stanford University.
1986 Eric Thomas develops the first Listserv.
1986 NSFNET is created.
1986 BITNET II is created.
1986 IBM PC Division (PCD) announces it's first laptop computer, the PC Convertible, weighing 12 pounds, which is 18 pounds lighter than the earlier portable computer.
1986 CD-i format is specified.
1986 Tandy announces the Color Computer 3 July 30, 1986.
1986 Aztech is established.
1986 Avid is established.
1987 Steve Wozniak ends his employment with Apple on February 6, 1987.
1987 The domain comes online February 19, 1987.
1987 Oak Technology is founded.
1987 CompuServe introduces the GIF standard and images.
1987 Robert Noyce is awarded the National Medal of Technology.
1987 Microsoft purchases Forethought Incorporated. The company that developed the presentation software PowerPoint.
1987 Microsoft introduces Microsoft Works.
1987 Dolby AC-1 is introduced.
1987 VIA Technologies is founded.
1987 Microsoft and IBM release OS/2 1.0.
1987 The Mac SE is introduced at $2,900.
1987 Chipsets begin to be found on computer motherboards.
1987 IBM introduces the PS/2 personal computer that has improved graphics, a 3.5-inch diskette drive, and proprietary bus to help prevent clone makers competition, and a bidirectional 8-bit port.
1987 IBM sends clone manufacturers letters demanding retroactive licensing fees.
1987 IBM develops 8514/A.
1987 MS-DOS 3.3 was released April, 1987.
1987 The domain comes online May 14, 1987.
1987 IBM introduces MCA.
1987 The first ARM processor computer, the Acorn Archimedes is released.
1987 Microsoft Shares hits $100 per share.
1987 Apogee is founded, Apogee is well known for its computer games as well as the company who first released a 'Shareware' game.
1987 The SPARC processor is first introduced by Sun.
1987 The first e-mail from China is sent to its connection in Germany September 20, 1987.
1987 IBM introduces VGA.
1987 RealTek is founded October 1987.
1987 Walter Brattain passes away October 13, 1987.
1987 Larry Wall introduces Perl 1.0.
1987 On November 22, 1987 a Chicago PBS affiliate WTTW-11 TV broadcast gets hacked by a person wearing a Max Headroom mask.
1987 Microsoft introduces Windows 2.0 in December 9, 1987.
1987 Larry Wall releases the first version of Perl on December 18, 1987, version 1.0.
1987 Elitegroup Computer Systems is established.
1988 Edmund Berkeley passes away March 7, 1988.
1988 Apple files a copyright infringement against Microsoft for Windows 2.03 and Hewlett Packard for New Wave in comparison with their Macintosh operating system.
1988 About 45 million PCs are in use in the United States.
1988 SNMP is introduced.
1988 Robert Morris releases the Morris worm November 22, 1988, becoming one of the first major worms to infect roughly 6,000 computers over the Internet and helps establish the CERT Coordination Center.
1988 First T-1 backbone is added to ARPANET.
1988 Xircom is founded.
1988 Bitnet and CSNET merge to create CREN.
1988 Trend Micro is founded.
1988 Creative Labs introduces the SoundBlaster, a sound card for the PC that contains an 11-voice FM synthesizer with text-to-speech, digitized voice input/output, a MIDI port, a joystick port and bundled software.
1988 Jarkko Oikarinen develops IRC
1988 EISA is announced in September as an alternative to MCA.
1988 Motorola releases the 88000 processor.
1988 NTP is introduced.
1988 Intel 80386SX is introduced.
1988 Promise is founded.
1988 OSF is founded.
1988 Morphing is first introduced in the movie Willow.
1988 MS-DOS 4.0 was released July, 1988.
1988 MS-DOS 4.01 was released November, 1988.
1988 Andrei Ershov passes away December 8, 1988.
1989 GriD Systems Corporation introduces the first pen-based computer.
1989 PCMCIA trade association is founded.
1989 ActionFront is founded.
1989 The Gif89a standard is introduced.
1989 ABIT is founded.
1989 SQL Server is introduced.
1989 Antoni Kilinski passes away May 6, 1989.
1989 Fred Cohen is awarded the Information Technology Award.
1989 Intel releases the 486DX processor, with more than 1 million transistors and multitasking capabilities.
1989 Orange book is released by Philips and Sony.
1989 William Shockley passes away August 12, 1989.
1989 Poqet announces the Poqet PC the first pocket-sized MS-DOS compatible computer.
1989 Asus is founded.
1989 AC-2 is introduced.
1989 The networking routing protocol OSPF is introduced.
1989 Citrix is founded.
1989 S3 Inc. is founded.

« 1960-1980 - Computer History - 1990 »